A DIRECT APPROACH TO FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH UNDER LARGE SCALE PLASTICITY (PRESENTATION IN HONOR OF JODEAN MORROW, UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS)
K. S. Ravi ChandranGrand Ballroom B
The major challenge in the mechanics of elastic-plastic fatigue crack growth (FCG) is to find a physically based driving force to correlate the crack growth rates under stress-controlled and strain-controlled conditions. Specifically, a parameter capable of providing a single-valued correlation of crack growth rate, regardless of applied fatigue stress/strain values, is needed. Approaches of the past used either cyclic strain (strain intensity factor) or nonlinear fracture mechanics based (cyclic J-integral, ∆J) parameter, to correlate fatigue crack growth. The latter, however, requires experimental load-deflection curve after every crack length increment and geometry correction factors, which are complex. In the present work, it is shown that a new and physically based approach, based on the cumulative change in the cyclic strain energy of the net-section, is used to successfully correlate fatigue crack growth in a variety of loading elastic-plastic loading situations. The change in the cyclic strain energy is determined analytically from tensile elastic-plastic behavior of material and from the relative sizes of cracked and uncracked sections in the crack plane. Remarkably, excellent correlations of fatigue crack growth data in a variety of specimen geometries and stress/strain levels have been found for both stress- and strain-controlled fatigue conditions.