PROBABILISTIC CRITICAL FLAW SIZE ASSESSMENTS IN THE CIRCUMFERENTIAL WELDS OF LAYERED PRESSURE VESSELS [Keynote]
Matthew KirbyDogwood B
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) operates approximately 300 aging, carbon steel, layered pressure vessels (LPVs) that were designed and manufactured prior to ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel (B&PV) code requirements. Fitness-for-service assessments and traditional evaluations of these non-code vessels is a challenge due to unique uncertainties that are not present in code vessels, such as missing construction records and the use of proprietary materials in construction. Furthermore, many of the steels used in these non-code vessels are at a risk of cleavage fracture at low temperatures within the operating temperature ranges of the NASA sites where these vessels are installed. Additionally, the stress state in critical regions of the LPVs, such as the longitudinal seam welds and circumferential welds, is uncertain due to weld residual stresses (WRS), geometric discontinuities, and stress concentrations in weld connections. In order to guide non-destructive evaluation (NDE) and assessment of the circumferential welds and account for uncertainties in these non-code LPVs, probabilistic critical initial flaw size (CIFS) and critical crack size (CCS) analyses were performed for eleven locations of interest within the head-to-shell and shell-to-shell circumferential welds of three demonstration LPVs.