MICROSTRUCTURALLY INFORMED HIGH-VELOCITY IMPACT EXPERIMENTATION ON ADDITIVELY-MANUFACTURED METALLIC MATERIALS
Juan Carlos Nieto-FuentesGrand Ballroom E
This work presents a flexible experimental setup to study dynamic fragmentation of additively-manufactured metallic materials using two different configurations: (i) rapid axial penetration of thin-walled tubes, and (ii) rapid radial expansion of rings. In the first approach, the experiment consists of a light-gas gun that fires a conical nosed cylindrical projectile that impacts axially on a thin-walled cylindrical tube fabricated by 3D printing. The diameter of the cylindrical part of the projectile is approximately twice greater than the inner diameter of the cylindrical target, which is expanded as the projectile moves forward, eventually breaking into fragments. In the second approach, using a similar technique, a ring is inserted over a high-ductility tube, which expands after penetration by the conical projectile, pushing the metallic ring radially outwards, ultimately breaking into multiple fragments. The experiments have been performed for impact velocities ranging from 180 m/s to 390 m/s. A salient feature of this work is that we have characterized by X-ray tomography the porous microstructure of selected specimens before and after testing. Moreover, two high-speed cameras have been used to film the experiments and thus to obtain time-resolved information on the mechanics of formation and propagation of fractures.