DUCTILE-BRITTLE TRANSITION FRACTURE MODE AND THE OCCURRENCE OF ABNORMAL FRACTURE APPEARANCE IN X65 Q & T SEAMLESS PIPELINE STEEL
Claudio RuggieriGrand Ballroom C
The new generation of advanced high strength steels for oil & gas transportation exhibit better mechanical response and fracture toughness not only in corrosive media, but also in arctic environments. In particular, under these latter conditions, X65 Q&T pipeline steels do not reveal a clear ductile-to-brittle transition (DBT) temperature and, in some cases, inverse fracture. It is still unclear the actual causes of this phenomenon typically observed in impact tests such as Charpy and drop-weight tear experiments. This study aims at the understanding of the underlying mechanisms controlling this abnormal behavior, which leads mostly to disqualifying a particular material for a certain engineering application. In general, thorough mechanical and material characterizations are intended to be conducted in order to unveil the relationship between microstructure characteristics and structural configurations. By means of a phenomenological fracture model, the statistical nature of the brittle fracture and the size effects will be deemed into a more general computational damage framework incorporating also ductile fracture from the upper shelf energy region.