DEFECT STATISTICS AND FRACTURE INITIATION MECHANISMS IN AS-BUILT AND HEAT-TREATED ADDITIVE MANUFACTURED 17-4 STEEL
Ravi KiranGrand Ballroom E
Defects in additively manufactured metals are detrimental to the manufactured components. Due to the rapid melting and solidification during printing, a non-homogeneous microstructure is typical in the metal specimens additively manufactured using laser powder bed fusion. The present study aims to understand the fracture initiation mechanism in as-built and heat-treated additively manufactured 17-4 stainless steel. To this end, 17-4 stainless steel unnotched and notched specimens additively manufactured using direct metal laser sintering were used. Solution annealing and subsequent aging were performed as the post-heat treatment of the stainless steel test specimens. Postmortem fractography using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the fracture surface and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) of the test specimens before and after fracture revealed that the large coalesced microvoids with sizes greater than 120 µm significantly influence the ductile fracture initiation in the additively manufactured steel specimens.