CRYSTAL PLASTICITY MODELING OF FATIGUE CRACK GROWTH IN STAINLESS STEEL
Ting ZhuGrand Ballroom B
Predicting the crack behavior under monotonic and cyclic loading is essential for an accurate assessment of the reliability of engineering structures. This work is concerned with the deformation fields in crack tip grains and their effects on fatigue crack growth rates under cyclic loading. We develop a cyclic crystal plasticity finite element (CPFE) model to characterize the mechanical behavior of 316L stainless steel. The deformation fields in crystal grains near crack tips under monotonic and cyclic loading are studied for two crack tip grain orientations using CPFE simulations. The CPFE results under monotonic loading are consistent with previous theoretical and experimental results. The CPFE results under cyclic loading match those from cyclic J2 plasticity finite element (JPFE) simulations. Based on the accumulated plastic work, cyclic CPFE simulations predict the fatigue crack growth rate as a function of stress intensity factor. The predicted Paris law exponent is consistent with the experimental value. This work demonstrates a new CPFE approach to predict both the deformation field and fatigue crack growth rate in metal alloys. This approach may be further generalized to investigate the time dependent crack growth that can be strongly influenced by the crystallographic effects of crack tip grains.