ANALYSIS OF POROSITY EFFECTS ON SPALL FAILURE OF ADDITIVELY MANUFACTURED 316L SS
Taylor SloopGrand Ballroom E
Additive manufacturing (AM) allows for tuning of mechanical properties for unique functionalities, and stainless steel is a prime candidate for use in many applications due to its high strength, ductility, and corrosion resistance. AM fabricated 316L stainless steel samples with intentionally random pore placement are compared to samples with known pore placement to study the interaction of the shock wave with individual and grouped pores. Velocity profiles were obtained using photon doppler velocimetry (PDV) probes placed strategically along the location of the known pores to understand the limits of local influence for the known pores. Post-mortem characterization of soft-recovered samples using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was performed to investigate the strain accommodation around pores. It was observed that shock wave fronts are highly dispersed and slow as they propagate through the pore due to strain accommodation around individual pores. As a result, there is shifting of the spall plane away from the impact face. This slow wave front propagation also results in slow rise time and lack of velocity plateau in the collected velocity profiles when areas with pores were probed.