The purpose of this styudy is to investigate the cyclic behaviour of the AA2024-T351 aluminum alloy widely used in the aircraft industry. This alloy shows a relatively low ductility at room temperature and is generally heat treated in various conditions to suit particular applications. Monotonic and cyclic tests have been conducted in order to characterize the fatigue behaviour and determine the fatigue life of aluminum alloy. Cyclic tests in the Low Cycle Fatigue (LCF) regime were performed under fully reversed total strain amplitudes ranging between 0.6% and 1.2%. The elastoplastic behaviour was analysed through the stress-strain hysteresis loops leading to evaluate kinematic and isotropic hardenings. The AA2024-T351 was also shown to be prone to cyclic strain hardening. Besides, symmetric High Cycle Fatigue (HCF) tests were also performed and the Stress-Number of cycles (S-N) curve until 107 cycles was plotted. A fatigue limit of about 150 MPa was found. Based on all LCF and HCF tests, the fatigue life could be represented in a strain approach by the Manson-Coffin-Basquin law. Moreover, observations of the fracture surfaces were carried out using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) in order to detect the crack initiation and follow the propagation for the two fatigue regimes.